Excel 2007 functions English-German

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Function Funktion Description
Add-in and Automation functions Add-In- und Automatisierungsfunktionen
CALL AUFRUFEN Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource
EUROCONVERT EUROCONVERT Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation)
GETPIVOTDATA PIVOTDATENZUORDNEN Returns data stored in a PivotTable report
REGISTER.ID REGISTER.KENNUMMER Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered
SQL.REQUEST SQL.REQUEST Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming
Cube functions Cubefunktionen
CUBEKPIMEMBER CUBEKPIELEMENT Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance.
CUBEMEMBER CUBEELEMENT Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube.
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY CUBEELEMENTEIGENSCHAFT Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.
CUBERANKEDMEMBER CUBERANGELEMENT Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students.
CUBESET CUBEMENGE Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.
CUBESETCOUNT CUBEMENGENANZAHL Returns the number of items in a set.
CUBEVALUE CUBEWERT Returns an aggregated value from a cube.
Database functions Datenbankfunktionen
DAVERAGE DBMITTELWERT Returns the average of selected database entries
DCOUNT DBANZAHL Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database
DCOUNTA DBANZAHL2 Counts nonblank cells in a database
DGET DBAUSZUG Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria
DMAX DBMAX Returns the maximum value from selected database entries
DMIN DBMIN Returns the minimum value from selected database entries
DPRODUCT DBPRODUKT Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database
DSTDEV DBSTDABW Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries
DSTDEVP DBSTDABWN Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries
DSUM DBSUMME Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria
DVAR DBVARIANZ Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries
DVARP DBVARIANZEN Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries
Date and time functions Datums- und Zeitfunktionen
DATE DATUM Returns the serial number of a particular date
DATEVALUE DATWERT Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number
DAY TAG Converts a serial number to a day of the month
DAYS360 TAGE360 Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year
EDATE EDATUM Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date
EOMONTH MONATSENDE Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months
HOUR STUNDE Converts a serial number to an hour
MINUTE MINUTE Converts a serial number to a minute
MONTH MONAT Converts a serial number to a month
NETWORKDAYS NETTOARBEITSTAGE Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates
NOW JETZT Returns the serial number of the current date and time
SECOND SEKUNDE Converts a serial number to a second
TIME ZEIT Returns the serial number of a particular time
TIMEVALUE ZEITWERT Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number
TODAY HEUTE Returns the serial number of today's date
WEEKDAY WOCHENTAG Converts a serial number to a day of the week
WEEKNUM KALENDERWOCHE Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year
WORKDAY ARBEITSTAG Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays
YEAR JAHR Converts a serial number to a year
YEARFRAC BRTEILJAHRE Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date
Engineering functions Konstruktionsfunktionen
BESSELI BESSELI Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)
BESSELJ BESSELJ Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)
BESSELK BESSELK Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)
BESSELY BESSELY Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)
BIN2DEC BININDEZ Converts a binary number to decimal
BIN2HEX BININHEX Converts a binary number to hexadecimal
BIN2OCT BININOKT Converts a binary number to octal
COMPLEX KOMPLEXE Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number
CONVERT UMWANDELN Converts a number from one measurement system to another
DEC2BIN DEZINBIN Converts a decimal number to binary
DEC2HEX DEZINHEX Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal
DEC2OCT DEZINOKT Converts a decimal number to octal
DELTA DELTA Tests whether two values are equal
ERF GAUSSFEHLER Returns the error function
ERFC GAUSSFKOMPL Returns the complementary error function
GESTEP GGANZZAHL Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value
HEX2BIN HEXINBIN Converts a hexadecimal number to binary
HEX2DEC HEXINDEZ Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal
HEX2OCT HEXINOKT Converts a hexadecimal number to octal
IMABS IMABS Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number
IMAGINARY IMAGINÄRTEIL Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number
IMARGUMENT IMARGUMENT Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians
IMCONJUGATE IMKONJUGIERTE Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number
IMCOS IMCOS Returns the cosine of a complex number
IMDIV IMDIV Returns the quotient of two complex numbers
IMEXP IMEXP Returns the exponential of a complex number
IMLN IMLN Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG10 IMLOG10 Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG2 IMLOG2 Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number
IMPOWER IMAPOTENZ Returns a complex number raised to an integer power
IMPRODUCT IMPRODUKT Returns the product of complex numbers
IMREAL IMREALTEIL Returns the real coefficient of a complex number
IMSIN IMSIN Returns the sine of a complex number
IMSQRT IMWURZEL Returns the square root of a complex number
IMSUB IMSUB Returns the difference between two complex numbers
IMSUM IMSUMME Returns the sum of complex numbers
OCT2BIN OKTINBIN Converts an octal number to binary
OCT2DEC OKTINDEZ Converts an octal number to decimal
OCT2HEX OKTINHEX Converts an octal number to hexadecimal
Financial functions Finanzmathematische Funktionen
ACCRINT AUFGELZINS Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINTM AUFGELZINSF Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity
AMORDEGRC AMORDEGRK Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient
AMORLINC AMORLINEARK Returns the depreciation for each accounting period
COUPDAYBS ZINSTERMTAGVA Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date
COUPDAYS ZINSTERMTAGE Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date
COUPDAYSNC ZINSTERMTAGNZ Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
COUPNCD ZINSTERMNZ Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date
COUPNUM ZINSTERMZAHL Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date
COUPPCD ZINSTERMVZ Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date
CUMIPMT KUMZINSZ Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods
CUMPRINC KUMKAPITAL Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods
DB GDA2 Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method
DDB GDA Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify
DISC DISAGIO Returns the discount rate for a security
DOLLARDE NOTIERUNGDEZ Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number
DOLLARFR NOTIERUNGBRU Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction
DURATION DURATION Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments
EFFECT EFFEKTIV Returns the effective annual interest rate
FV ZW Returns the future value of an investment
FVSCHEDULE ZW2 Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates
INTRATE ZINSSATZ Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security
IPMT ZINSZ Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period
IRR IKV Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows
ISPMT ISPMT Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment
MDURATION MDURATION Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100
MIRR QIKV Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates
NOMINAL NOMINAL Returns the annual nominal interest rate
NPER ZZR Returns the number of periods for an investment
NPV NBW Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate
ODDFPRICE UNREGER.KURS Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period
ODDFYIELD UNREGER.REND Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period
ODDLPRICE UNREGLE.KURS Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period
ODDLYIELD UNREGLE.REND Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period
PMT RMZ Returns the periodic payment for an annuity
PPMT KAPZ Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period
PRICE KURS Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest
PRICEDISC KURSDISAGIO Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security
PRICEMAT KURSFÄLLIG Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity
PV BW Returns the present value of an investment
RATE ZINS Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity
RECEIVED AUSZAHLUNG Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security
SLN LIA Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period
SYD DIA Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period
TBILLEQ TBILLÄQUIV Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill
TBILLPRICE TBILLKURS Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill
TBILLYIELD TBILLRENDITE Returns the yield for a Treasury bill
VDB VDB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method
XIRR XINTZINSFUSS Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
XNPV XKAPITALWERT Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
YIELD RENDITE Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest
YIELDDISC RENDITEDIS Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill
YIELDMAT RENDITEFÄLL Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity
Information functions Informationsfunktionen
CELL ZELLE Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell
ERROR.TYPE FEHLER.TYP Returns a number corresponding to an error type
INFO INFO Returns information about the current operating environment
ISBLANK ISTLEER Returns TRUE if the value is blank
ISERR ISTFEHL Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A
ISERROR ISTFEHLER Returns TRUE if the value is any error value
ISEVEN ISTGERADE Returns TRUE if the number is even
ISLOGICAL ISTLOG Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value
ISNA ISTNV Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value
ISNONTEXT ISTKTEXT Returns TRUE if the value is not text
ISNUMBER ISTZAHL Returns TRUE if the value is a number
ISODD ISTUNGERADE Returns TRUE if the number is odd
ISREF ISTBEZUG Returns TRUE if the value is a reference
ISTEXT ISTTEXT Returns TRUE if the value is text
N N Returns a value converted to a number
NA NV Returns the error value #N/A
TYPE TYP Returns a number indicating the data type of a value
Logical functions Logische Funktionen
AND UND Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE
FALSE FALSCH Returns the logical value FALSE
IF WENN Specifies a logical test to perform
IFERROR WENNFEHLER Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula
NOT NICHT Reverses the logic of its argument
OR ODER Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE
TRUE WAHR Returns the logical value TRUE
Lookup and reference functions Nachschlage- und Verweisfunktionen
ADDRESS ADRESSE Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet
AREAS BEREICHE Returns the number of areas in a reference
CHOOSE WAHL Chooses a value from a list of values
COLUMN SPALTE Returns the column number of a reference
COLUMNS SPALTEN Returns the number of columns in a reference
HLOOKUP HVERWEIS Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell
HYPERLINK HYPERLINK Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet
INDEX INDEX Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array
INDIRECT INDIREKT Returns a reference indicated by a text value
LOOKUP LOOKUP Looks up values in a vector or array
MATCH VERGLEICH Looks up values in a reference or array
OFFSET BEREICH.VERSCHIEBEN Returns a reference offset from a given reference
ROW ZEILE Returns the row number of a reference
ROWS ZEILEN Returns the number of rows in a reference
RTD RTD Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation (Automation: A way to work with an application's objects from another application or development tool. Formerly called OLE Automation, Automation is an industry standard and a feature of the Component Object Model (COM).)
TRANSPOSE MTRANS Returns the transpose of an array
VLOOKUP SVERWEIS Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell
Math and trigonometry functions Mathematische und trigonometrische Funktionen
ABS ABS Returns the absolute value of a number
ACOS ARCCOS Returns the arccosine of a number
ACOSH ARCCOSHYP Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number
ASIN ARCSIN Returns the arcsine of a number
ASINH ARCSINHYP Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number
ATAN ARCTAN Returns the arctangent of a number
ATAN2 ARCTAN2 Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates
ATANH ARCTANHYP Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number
CEILING OBERGRENZE Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
COMBIN KOMBINATIONEN Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects
COS COS Returns the cosine of a number
COSH COSHYP Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
DEGREES GRAD Converts radians to degrees
EVEN GERADE Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer
EXP EXP Returns e raised to the power of a given number
FACT FAKULTÄT Returns the factorial of a number
FACTDOUBLE ZWEIFAKULTÄT Returns the double factorial of a number
FLOOR UNTERGRENZE Rounds a number down, toward zero
GCD GGT Returns the greatest common divisor
INT GANZZAHL Rounds a number down to the nearest integer
LCM KGV Returns the least common multiple
LN LN Returns the natural logarithm of a number
LOG LOG Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base
LOG10 LOG10 Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number
MDETERM MDET Returns the matrix determinant of an array
MINVERSE MINV Returns the matrix inverse of an array
MMULT MMULT Returns the matrix product of two arrays
MOD REST Returns the remainder from division
MROUND VRUNDEN Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple
MULTINOMIAL POLYNOMIAL Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers
ODD UNGERADE Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer
PI PI Returns the value of pi
POWER POTENZ Returns the result of a number raised to a power
PRODUCT PRODUKT Multiplies its arguments
QUOTIENT QUOTIENT Returns the integer portion of a division
RADIANS BOGENMASS Converts degrees to radians
RAND ZUFALLSZAHL Returns a random number between 0 and 1
RANDBETWEEN ZUFALLSBEREICH Returns a random number between the numbers you specify
ROMAN RÖMISCH Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text
ROUND RUNDEN Rounds a number to a specified number of digits
ROUNDDOWN ABRUNDEN Rounds a number down, toward zero
ROUNDUP AUFRUNDEN Rounds a number up, away from zero
SERIESSUM POTENZREIHE Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula
SIGN VORZEICHEN Returns the sign of a number
SIN SIN Returns the sine of the given angle
SINH SINHYP Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number
SQRT WURZEL Returns a positive square root
SQRTPI WURZELPI Returns the square root of (number * pi)
SUBTOTAL TEILERGEBNIS Returns a subtotal in a list or database
SUM SUMME Adds its arguments
SUMIF SUMMEWENN Adds the cells specified by a given criteria
SUMIFS SUMMEWENNS Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria
SUMPRODUCT SUMMENPRODUKT Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components
SUMSQ QUADRATESUMME Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments
SUMX2MY2 SUMMEX2MY2 Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMX2PY2 SUMMEX2PY2 Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMXMY2 SUMMEXMY2 Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays
TAN TAN Returns the tangent of a number
TANH TANHYP Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number
TRUNC KÜRZEN Truncates a number to an integer
Statistical functions Statistische Funktionen
AVEDEV MITTELABW Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean
AVERAGE MITTELWERT Returns the average of its arguments
AVERAGEA MITTELWERTA Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
AVERAGEIF MITTELWERTWENN Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria
AVERAGEIFS MITTELWERTWENNS Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.
BETADIST BETAVERT Returns the beta cumulative distribution function
BETAINV BETAINV Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BINOMDIST BINOMVERT Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
CHIDIST CHIVERT Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHIINV CHIINV Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHITEST CHITEST Returns the test for independence
CONFIDENCE KONFIDENZ Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
CORREL KORREL Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets
COUNT ANZAHL Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments
COUNTA ANZAHL2 Counts how many values are in the list of arguments
COUNTBLANK ANZAHLLEEREZELLEN Counts the number of blank cells within a range
COUNTIF ZÄHLENWENN Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria
COUNTIFS ZÄHLENWENNS Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria
COVAR KOVAR Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
CRITBINOM KRITBINOM Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
DEVSQ SUMQUADABW Returns the sum of squares of deviations
EXPONDIST EXPONVERT Returns the exponential distribution
FDIST FVERT Returns the F probability distribution
FINV FINV Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FISHER FISHER Returns the Fisher transformation
FISHERINV FISHERINV Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation
FORECAST PROGNOSE Returns a value along a linear trend
FREQUENCY HÄUFIGKEIT Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array
FTEST FTEST Returns the result of an F-test
GAMMADIST GAMMAVERT Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMAINV GAMMAINV Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
GAMMALN GAMMALN Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)
GEOMEAN GEOMITTEL Returns the geometric mean
GROWTH VARIATION Returns values along an exponential trend
HARMEAN HARMITTEL Returns the harmonic mean
HYPGEOMDIST HYPGEOMVERT Returns the hypergeometric distribution
INTERCEPT ACHSENABSCHNITT Returns the intercept of the linear regression line
KURT KURT Returns the kurtosis of a data set
LARGE KGRÖSSTE Returns the k-th largest value in a data set
LINEST RGP Returns the parameters of a linear trend
LOGEST RKP Returns the parameters of an exponential trend
LOGINV LOGINV Returns the inverse of the lognormal distribution
LOGNORMDIST LOGNORMVERT Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
MAX MAX Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments
MAXA MAXA Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MEDIAN MEDIAN Returns the median of the given numbers
MIN MIN Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments
MINA MINA Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MODE MODALWERT Returns the most common value in a data set
NEGBINOMDIST NEGBINOMVERT Returns the negative binomial distribution
NORMDIST NORMVERT Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORMINV NORMINV Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORMSDIST STANDNORMVERT Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORMSINV STANDNORMINV Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
PEARSON PEARSON Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
PERCENTILE QUANTIL Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTRANK QUANTILSRANG Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
PERMUT VARIATIONEN Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects
POISSON POISSON Returns the Poisson distribution
PROB WAHRSCHBEREICH Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits
QUARTILE QUARTILE Returns the quartile of a data set
RANK RANG Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RSQ BESTIMMTHEITSMASS Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
SKEW SCHIEFE Returns the skewness of a distribution
SLOPE STEIGUNG Returns the slope of the linear regression line
SMALL KKLEINSTE Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set
STANDARDIZE STANDARDISIERUNG Returns a normalized value
STDEV STABW Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVA STABWA Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
STDEVP STABWN Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
STDEVPA STABWNA Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
STEYX STFEHLERYX Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression
TDIST TVERT Returns the Student's t-distribution
TINV TINV Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution
TREND TREND Returns values along a linear trend
TRIMMEAN GESTUTZTMITTEL Returns the mean of the interior of a data set
TTEST TTEST Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test
VAR VARIANZ Estimates variance based on a sample
VARA VARIANZA Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
VARP VARIANZEN Calculates variance based on the entire population
VARPA VARIANZENA Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
WEIBULL WEIBULL Returns the Weibull distribution
ZTEST GTEST Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test
Text functions Textfunktionen
ASC ASC Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters
BAHTTEXT BAHTTEXT Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format
CHAR ZEICHEN Returns the character specified by the code number
CLEAN SÄUBERN Removes all nonprintable characters from text
CODE CODE Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
CONCATENATE VERKETTEN Joins several text items into one text item
DOLLAR DM Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format
EXACT IDENTISCH Checks to see if two text values are identical
FIND, FINDB FINDEN, FINDENB Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
FIXED FEST Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals
JIS JIS Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters
LEFT, LEFTB LINKS, LINKSB Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEN, LENB LÄNGE, LÄNGEB Returns the number of characters in a text string
LOWER KLEIN Converts text to lowercase
MID, MIDB TEIL, TEILB Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
PHONETIC PHONETIC Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string
PROPER GROSS2 Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value
REPLACE, REPLACEB ERSETZEN, ERSETZENB Replaces characters within text
REPT WIEDERHOLEN Repeats text a given number of times
RIGHT, RIGHTB RECHTS, RECHTSB Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
SEARCH, SEARCHB SUCHEN, SUCHENB Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)
SUBSTITUTE WECHSELN Substitutes new text for old text in a text string
T T Converts its arguments to text
TEXT TEXT Formats a number and converts it to text
TRIM GLÄTTEN Removes spaces from text
UPPER GROSS Converts text to uppercase
VALUE WERT Converts a text argument to a number